Articles

Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria

James T. Aan
Benue State University, Makurdi
Online First: November 28, 2019
| Google Scholar
[1]
James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.

Abstract

Herdsmen attacks in Benue State where the people are predominantly farmers/artisans have serious social and economic implications for entrepreneurship development of the state. Between 2013 and 2018, the state recorded 53 violent herdsmen attacks. Fifteen of the 23 local government areas in the state were affected: 2,438 people were killed, 750 were seriously injured, with 200 people still missing, 99,427 households were displaced in the attacks. Property worth 400 billion Naira and crops worth 25billion Naira were destroyed. This study critically examined these implications using Google chrome and Google scholar to access internet data on herdsmen attacks in Benue State. In – depth interviews were also carried out with victims of the attacks, as well as government officials, and some security officials. The technique of data analysis was content analysis. The study found out that (1) the reasons for the herdsmen attacks includes: disagreement over the use of land and water, terrorist activities of Boko Haram in Northern Nigeria, harsh climatic conditions among others. (2) The magnitude of herdsmen attacks in Benue State is very high: (3) The consequences of the herdsmen attacks include: food insecurity, impending civil war, and imminent disintegration of Nigeria; (4) The socio – economic challenges of entrepreneurship development in Benue State include: shortage of raw materials, loss of long term savings for start – ups and expansion of business ventures, and others. The study concludes that restructuring of Nigeria’s federation in line with the citizens’ the political, social and economic interests is a must.  

References

Adisa, R. S. and Adekunle, O. A. (2010). Farmer – Herdsmen Conflicts: A Factor Analysis of
Socio – economic Conflict Variables among Arable Crop Farmers in North Central
Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. Delhi – India, April.
Adoke, M.B. (2013). ‘Amending the 1999 Constitution: Prospects and Challenges for National
Development’. Benue State University News, Vol. 21 No. 72, February.
All Africa (2018). Nigeria: Stopping Nigeria’s Spiraling Farmer – Herder Violence. July 26.
All Africa (2018). Benue State has lost over ₦ 400 billion to herdsmen attacks – Gov… June 13.
Retrieved from https//allafrica.com/stories/201806 138114htm/
Babbie, E. (2007). The Practice of Social Research. Belmont, C. A: Thomson Learning Inc.
Dzeremo, B. (2002) Colonialism and the transformation of authority in Central Tivland: 1912 –
1960. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers.
Elewa, G. I. C., Ukagwu, M. O., Nwachukwu, J. U. N. & Nwaubani, A. C. N. (1988). A history
of Nigeria: for schools and colleges. Onitsha: Africa – FEP Publishers.
Hembaor, T. (2018). Akume has given Miyetti Allah reason to attack Benue again.
htts://www.legit.ng/1210491-miyetti-allah-reason-attack-benue-tiv-youth.html. Retrieved 17/12/18
Ishaku, J. (2017). Janjaweed in North Central Nigeria: Understanding the internal dimensions of
the Fulani terrorist activities in Nigeria. In A.S. Ihuah (Ed.) Herdsmen and Farmers Conflict in Central Nigeria: Learning from the Past. (Conference Proceedings) Makurdi: Centre for Research Management, Benue State University.
Kendall, D. (2007). Sociology in Our Times. Belmont, C. A: Thomson Learning Inc.
Macionis, J. J (2005). Introduction to Sociology. Boston: Pearson Custom Publishing.
MAMSER (1987). Report of the Political Bureau. Abuja, March.
Mills C. W. (1956). The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press.
NOUN (2004). Ethnography of Nigeria. Lagos: National Open University of Nigeria.
NPC (2018). FG reveals Nigeria’s current population. Daily Post News, 11 April. Retrieved from
Dailypost.ng> News.
Ojudu, B. (2018). ‘Herdsmen must embrace modern cattle rearing techniques – Presidency’.
Vanguard News. Wednesday, January 3.
Oli, N. P., Ibekwe, C.C. and Nwanko, I. U. (2018). Prevalence of herdsmen and farmers conflicts
in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Studies in Sociology and Humanities.
Vol. 3, Issue 1 January.
Ortom, S. (2018). ‘Herdsmen sacked five Benue LGAs, killed 560 in eight months’. Punch,
September 15.
Premium Times (2016). ‘Investigation: Herdsmen attacks claim 1, 269 lives in Benue’. Saturday,
October.
The Punch (2018). Benue State lose ₦ 25 billion to herdsmen attacks. September 25.
The Punch (2017). ‘Benue defends anti – grazing laws’. 8 November.
USDA (2012). Animal Husbandry. NASS – Census of Agriculture Publication.
Wegh, F. S. (2017). ‘Challenges of Fulani herdsmen attacks to Tiv survival and wellbeing’. In
A.S. Ihuah (Ed.) Herdsmen and Farmers Conflict in Central Nigeria: Learning from the Past. (Conference Proceedings) Makurdi: Centre for Research Management, Benue State University.
Published November 28, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Downloads

References

Adisa, R. S. and Adekunle, O. A. (2010). Farmer – Herdsmen Conflicts: A Factor Analysis of
Socio – economic Conflict Variables among Arable Crop Farmers in North Central
Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. Delhi – India, April.
Adoke, M.B. (2013). ‘Amending the 1999 Constitution: Prospects and Challenges for National
Development’. Benue State University News, Vol. 21 No. 72, February.
All Africa (2018). Nigeria: Stopping Nigeria’s Spiraling Farmer – Herder Violence. July 26.
All Africa (2018). Benue State has lost over ₦ 400 billion to herdsmen attacks – Gov… June 13.
Retrieved from https//allafrica.com/stories/201806 138114htm/
Babbie, E. (2007). The Practice of Social Research. Belmont, C. A: Thomson Learning Inc.
Dzeremo, B. (2002) Colonialism and the transformation of authority in Central Tivland: 1912 –
1960. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers.
Elewa, G. I. C., Ukagwu, M. O., Nwachukwu, J. U. N. & Nwaubani, A. C. N. (1988). A history
of Nigeria: for schools and colleges. Onitsha: Africa – FEP Publishers.
Hembaor, T. (2018). Akume has given Miyetti Allah reason to attack Benue again.
htts://www.legit.ng/1210491-miyetti-allah-reason-attack-benue-tiv-youth.html. Retrieved 17/12/18
Ishaku, J. (2017). Janjaweed in North Central Nigeria: Understanding the internal dimensions of
the Fulani terrorist activities in Nigeria. In A.S. Ihuah (Ed.) Herdsmen and Farmers Conflict in Central Nigeria: Learning from the Past. (Conference Proceedings) Makurdi: Centre for Research Management, Benue State University.
Kendall, D. (2007). Sociology in Our Times. Belmont, C. A: Thomson Learning Inc.
Macionis, J. J (2005). Introduction to Sociology. Boston: Pearson Custom Publishing.
MAMSER (1987). Report of the Political Bureau. Abuja, March.
Mills C. W. (1956). The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press.
NOUN (2004). Ethnography of Nigeria. Lagos: National Open University of Nigeria.
NPC (2018). FG reveals Nigeria’s current population. Daily Post News, 11 April. Retrieved from
Dailypost.ng> News.
Ojudu, B. (2018). ‘Herdsmen must embrace modern cattle rearing techniques – Presidency’.
Vanguard News. Wednesday, January 3.
Oli, N. P., Ibekwe, C.C. and Nwanko, I. U. (2018). Prevalence of herdsmen and farmers conflicts
in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Studies in Sociology and Humanities.
Vol. 3, Issue 1 January.
Ortom, S. (2018). ‘Herdsmen sacked five Benue LGAs, killed 560 in eight months’. Punch,
September 15.
Premium Times (2016). ‘Investigation: Herdsmen attacks claim 1, 269 lives in Benue’. Saturday,
October.
The Punch (2018). Benue State lose ₦ 25 billion to herdsmen attacks. September 25.
The Punch (2017). ‘Benue defends anti – grazing laws’. 8 November.
USDA (2012). Animal Husbandry. NASS – Census of Agriculture Publication.
Wegh, F. S. (2017). ‘Challenges of Fulani herdsmen attacks to Tiv survival and wellbeing’. In
A.S. Ihuah (Ed.) Herdsmen and Farmers Conflict in Central Nigeria: Learning from the Past. (Conference Proceedings) Makurdi: Centre for Research Management, Benue State University.
Published November 28, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.
No Supplimentary Material available for this article.
Published November 28, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Statistics from Dimensions.ai

Statistics from PlumX

Published November 28, 2019
How to Cite
[1]
James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.

Sections

We Recommend


Related Articles

Related Authors

 



In Google Scholar

In Social Science and Humanities Journal

In Google Scholar

 
  • James T. Aan

  • Published November 28, 2019
    How to Cite
    [1]
    James T. Aan, “Entrepreneurship Development and the Socio – economic Implications of Herdsmen Attacks in Benue State, Nigeria”, sshj, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1641-1655, Nov. 2019.